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Monday, November 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of Diseases of the respiratory system in infants and children found in the catalog.

Diseases of the respiratory system in infants and children

William Littell Funkhouser

Diseases of the respiratory system in infants and children

  • 125 Want to read
  • 17 Currently reading

Published by D. Appleton in New York .
Written in English

  • Respiratory organs -- Diseases.,
  • Children -- Diseases.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 289-297.

    Statementby William L. Funkhouser and Robert George McAliley.
    SeriesClinical pediatrics,, v. 9
    ContributionsMcAliley, Robert George, 1879- joint author.
    LC ClassificationsRJ23 .C5 vol. IX
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxx, 318 p.
    Number of Pages318
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6702739M
    LC Control Number27012836

    Croup is a common upper respiratory infection that usually is caused by viruses that usually lasts days. Croup produces a bark like or Darth Vader cough. Home remedies, OTC or anti-inflammatory drugs are used for the treatment of croup. Spasmodic croup is another type of the infection. Teens and adults may develop croup.

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Diseases of the respiratory system in infants and children by William Littell Funkhouser Download PDF EPUB FB2

Respiratory Diseases in Infants and Children Edited by U. Frey and J. Gerritsen Respiratory disorders in infants and children are challenging problems for every clinician involved in the management of these patients. This book summarises recent advances in paediatric by: Description Now in a fully updated 9th Edition, Kendig's Disorders of the Respiratory Tract in Children, by Drs.

Robert Wilmott, Andrew Bush, Robin Deterding, Felix Ratjen, Peter Sly, Heather Zar and Albert P. Li continues to provide authoritative, evidence-based information to residents, fellows, and practitioners in this wide-ranging specialty. This definitive text on respiratory disease in children has been completely updated and revised for the 7th Edition.

Several new chapters have been added, including information on the impact of environmental pollution on lung disease in children. The respiratory disorders of infants and children.

[Jan A Kuzemko] Book: All Authors / Contributors: Jan A Kuzemko. Find more information about: ISBN: Children -- Respiratory system -- Diseases; Confirm this request. Presents cutting-edge coverage with new information on the biology of, and the influences on, the respiratory system during childhood, as well as the diagnosis and management of both common (ie, wheezing infant, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis) and less common (ie, SARS, chest tumors, collagen vascular diseases, Familial Mediterranean Fever.

This chapter covers various respiratory diseases in children, with particular focus on acute infections, perinatal lung disease and bronchopulmonary dysplasia, tuberculosis (TB) and congenital respiratory disorders, and immunisation against the common infections of childhood. The respiratory system is made up of the organs involved in the interchanges of gases and consists of the: Nose.

Mouth (oral cavity) Throat (pharynx) Voice box (larynx) Windpipe (trachea) Airways (bronchi) Lungs. The upper respiratory tract includes the: Nose. Nasal cavity. Sinuses. The lower respiratory tract includes Diseases of the respiratory system in infants and children book Voice box (larynx.

Welcome to the 21st Edition of Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics – the reference of choice among pediatricians, pediatric residents, and others involved in the care of young patients.

This fully revised edition continues to provide the breadth and depth of knowledge you expect from Nelson, while also keeping you up to date with new advances in the science and art of pediatric practice. Idiopathic (or infantile) respiratory distress syndrome (IRDS), also known as hyaline membrane disease (HMD), which occurs in premature infants, is caused by the immaturity of the lungs with their insufficient pulmonary surfactant production and their inactivation by plasma proteins exudating onto the alveolar surface (see Surface Activity and Pulmonary Surfactant).

Diseases that impact the respiratory system – the nose, throat and lungs – are very common, especially in children who have not yet built up immunity to common viruses and bacteria that can cause such problems. These seven common childhood respiratory diseases. In general, children with congenital respiratory disorders should be admitted to a specialised centre at an early stage as prompt assessment and, if necessary, treatment, are often important in determining survival.

See the entire Paediatric respiratory diseases Chapter. Chapter 5 - Respiratory system By Adam J. Broussard, Stanley M. Hall, Michael G. Levitzky Edited by Alan David Kaye, Louisiana State University, Charles James Fox, Tulane University School of Medicine, Louisiana, James H.

Diaz, Louisiana State University. 6 Childhood Respiratory Diseases & the Environment Despite extraordinary advances in the 20th century, million deaths in children under 5 years (Murray, The Global Burden of Disease Project, WHO, ).

Nursing Care in Pediatric Respiratory Disease opens with an overview of the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system, best practices for assessing respiratory symptoms in children, and common respiratory therapies and treatment methods.

It then proceeds through an examination of varying acute and chronic upper and lower respiratory. Acute Diseases Discussion and advise on the prescription in acute diseases and acute exacerbation of chronic disease. Respiratory Diseases Common diseases affecting Respiratory system starting from hay fever, nasal catarrh to asthma, bronchitis and pleurisy had been described with cause, symptoms and homeopathic therapeutics by k.

Bronchiolitis affects mostly infants and young children, and can cause wheezing and serious difficulty breathing. It's usually caused by specific viruses in the wintertime, including respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is a term that describes two lung diseases — emphysema and chronic bronchitis. In the early period of life, the ventilatory response to respiratory disease is limited and risk factors for ventilatory failure are related to the immaturity of the developing respiratory system.

Newborns and infants have limitations in their ability to substain breathing and defend blood gas homeostasis. Respiratory failure in the paediatric population differs from the adult population by the presence of some discrete age-related groups of differentials, with specific focus on consequences of prematurity and congenital disease.

There are also physiological and anatomical differences which predispose the children to respiratory failure. These can be summarised as "functional and structural. Children also have higher respiratory rates than adults making them more susceptible to agents in the air.

The anatomy of a child's lungs and other components of the pulmonary (respiratory) system make treating pediatric lung disease a very specialized practice. Children are unique and affective treatments and approaches need to be as well. Other viral infections that can causes respiratory diseases include the respiratory syncytial virus which can be deadly to infants and the elderly, while healthy people can recover in 1 to 2 weeks without permanent damage.

It is the most common cause of pneumonia and bronchiolitis in children. Infants and children suffering from congenital heart disease represent a patient cohort particularly at risk for severe RSV infections.

Most notably the complication rates in lower respiratory tract infections due to RSV among patients with congenital heart disease are significantly higher compared to other patient collectives. Predisposing factors are altered lung mechanics caused by.

Respiratory diseases affect any part of the respiratory system. Some of the lung diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can lead to respiratory failure. @article{osti_, title = {Nitrogen dioxide and respiratory illnesses in infants}, author = {Samet, J M and Lambert, W E and Skipper, B J and Cushing, A H and Hunt, W C and Young, S A and McLaren, L C and Schwab, M and Spengler, J D}, abstractNote = {Nitrogen dioxide is an oxidant gas that contaminates outdoor air and indoor air in homes with unvented gas appliances.

An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. The diseases of infants and children [electronic resource] Item Preview nutrition and growth -- The alimentary system -- The respiratory system -- The circulatory system -- The haemopoietic system -- The uro-genital system -- The nervous system -- The.

Asthma is a particularly complex respiratory disease with many factors, genetic and environmental, which interact to influence its development and severity. Four common air pollutants (particulate matter, ground-level ozone, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur oxides) have extensive evidence linking them to respiratory diseases in children.

The lungs and respiratory system allow oxygen in the air to be taken into the body, while also letting the body get rid of carbon dioxide in the air breathed out. When you breathe in, the diaphragm moves downward toward the abdomen, and the rib muscles pull the ribs upward and outward.

Bronchiolitis • Bronchiolitis is a disease that affects children under the age of 2 years; it is most common among infants aged 2 to 12 months. • It is characterized by inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, with the bronchioles being most affected. If all types of lung disease are lumped together, it is the number three killer in the United States.

The term lung disease refers to many disorders affecting the lungs, such as asthma, COPD, infections like influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis, lung cancer, and many other breathing problems.

Some lung diseases can lead to respiratory failure. Infections of the respiratory tract are grouped according to their symptomatology and anatomic involvement. Acute upper respiratory infections (URI) include the common cold, pharyngitis, epiglottitis, and laryngotracheitis (Fig.

These infections are usually benign, transitory and self-limited, altho ugh epiglottitis and laryngotracheitis can be serious diseases in children and young. In support of our mission, we are committed to advancing neonatal respiratory diseases research, in part through the following ways.

We fund research. The research we fund today will help improve our future health. Our Division of Lung Diseases, which includes the Lung Biology and Disease Branch, oversees much of the research on neonatal respiratory diseases we fund, helping us to understand.

Diseases of the respiratory system may affect any of the structures and organs that have to do with breathing, including the nasal cavities, the pharynx (or throat), the larynx, the trachea (or windpipe), the bronchi and bronchioles, the tissues of the lungs, and the respiratory muscles of the chest cage.

The respiratory tract is the site of an exceptionally large range of disorders for three. With Louis-Alcime Rousseau, he wrote several booklets, including Diseases of Respiratory and Digestive Systems of Children, Diabetes Mellitus, Chronic Rheumatism, treatment of hay fever (), The importance of chemistry and toxicology in the indications of Phosphorus (), and Homeopathic Medicine for Children ().

CiteScore: ℹ CiteScore: CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. ) to peer-reviewed documents (articles, reviews, conference papers, data papers and book chapters) published in the same four calendar years, divided by the number of.

Because dysfunction in ventilatory control frequently revealed when O 2 supply and CO 2 elimination are challenged, we provide this information in the context of four important metabolic stressors: stresses: exercise, sleep, hypoxia, and lung disease, with a primary focus on studies of human infants, children, and adults.

As a secondary goal. A coronavirus is a common virus that causes an infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. COVID is a novel strain of coronavirus that causes. Various clearance mechanisms are present in the respiratory system to remove particles from the airways. Sneezing clears nasopharyngeal material, and coughing removes particles in the trachea and large bronchi.

Mucociliary activity is an additional important clearance mechanism that functions in the nasopharynx and tracheobronchial tree. Respiratory Disorders in the Newborn. Many respiratory disorders place a newborn at higher risk and require clinical care by a physician or other health care professional.

Listed in the directory below are some, for which we have provided a brief overview. The Respiratory System in Babies. Hyaline Membrane Disease / Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

They are very common, particularly in children in daycare or school or in children with siblings. Having six respiratory infections per year is normal. Some uncomplicated respiratory infections can last up to two weeks. Many respiratory symptoms overlap and make differentiating the illnesses difficult, especially for parents and teachers.

Disorders of the veins or arteries (for example, obstruction, rupture, or aneurysm) may cause impairments of the lower extremities (peripheral vascular disease), the central nervous system, the eyes, the kidneys, and other organs.

General description of the human respiratory system. – minutes The five periods of respiratory system development and the events that occur during each period are described. - 40 minutes The congenital structural abnormalities that can occur during the embryonic and pseudoglandular periods are described.

- 10 minutes. Purpose: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are a major cause of illness worldwide and the most common cause of hospitalization for pneumonia and bronchiolitis.

These two diseases are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years of age. Vitamin D is believed to have immunomodulatory effects on the innate and adaptive immune systems by modulating the expression .people die prematurely from chronic respiratory disease [5].

Infants and young children are particularly susceptible. Nine million children under 5 years of age die annually and lung diseases are the most common causes of these deaths. Pneumonia is the world’s leading killer of young children [6].respiratory diseases are among the most important cost-effective health interventions available.

In this report, the Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS) asserts that alleviating the burden of respiratory disease should be a leading strategy of the Sustainable Development Goals and a requirement for nations to achieve.